Cup image from Embee's Gifs

        Miriam's Cup: Source

References for Biographies


Brody S. Jewish Heroes and Heroines of America: 150 True Stories of American Jewish Heroism. Hollywood, FL, Lifetime Books, 1996.

Diner HR, Benderly BL. Her Works Praise Her. A History of Jewish Women in America from Colonial Times to the Present. New York, Basic Books, 2002.

Henry S, Taitz E. Written Out of History: Our Jewish Foremothers. New York, Biblio Press, 1990.

Hessel CS. Blessed is the Daughter. Rockville, MD, Shengold Books, 1999.

Hyman PE, Moore DD. Jewish Women in America. An Historical Encyclopedia. New York, Routledge, 1997.

Kogan LV. With Strength and Splendor. Jewish Women as Agents of Change. New York, Women’s League for Conservative Judaism, 2008.

Jewish Virtual Library (A Division of the American-Israeli Co-operative Enterprise): Biographies of Jewish Women.

Jewish Women’s Archive.

Shepherd N. A Price Below Rubies. Jewish Women as Rebels and Radicals. Cambridge, MA, Harvard Univ. Press, 1993.

Slater E, Slater R. Great Jewish Women. New York, Jason David, 1998.

Taitz E, Henry, S. Remarkable Jewish Women. Philadelphia, The Jewish Publication Society, 1996.

Taitz E, Henry, S, Tallan, C. The JPS Guide to Jewish Women, 600 B.C.E. – 1900 C.E. Philadelphia, The Jewish Publication Society, 2003.

The Glass Ceiling: Biographies.

Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.

Bella Abzug

Faber D. Bella Abzug. New York, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 1976.

Kelber K. Gender Gap: Bella Abzug’s Guide to Political Power for American Women. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Ziegler M(ed). Bella! New York, Saturday Review Press, 1972.

Eleanor K. Baum

Bogdanovicz A. Eleanor Baum: Rebel Engineer. The Institute (AIEE), December 7, 2007.

Baum EK. Second Annual Elvera and William Stuckenberg Lecture in Technology and Human Affairs. St. Louis, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Washington University, 1991.

Dreifus C. A Conversation with Eleanor Baum; Bringing Feminine Mystique to Engineering. New York Times, June 22, 1999.

Rachel Bluwstein

Spicehandler, Ezra. “Rahel.” Encyclopedia Judaica. Eds. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnic. Vol. 17. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillian Reference, 2007.

Zerubavel Y. Rachel and the Female Voice: Labor Gender, and the Zionist Pioneer Vision. In: Cutter W, Jacobson, DC (eds). History and Literature. New Readings of Jewish Texts in Honor of Arnold J. Band. Providence, Brown Judaic Studies, 2002.

Zlotnick RA. Rachel: Israel’s Beloved Poet. In: HaShiur. New York: Central Synagogue, March 2, 2006.

Gertrude Elion

Elion. Gertrude Belle (2014), “Gertrude Belle Elion – Biographical”,, Nobel Media AB, (last accessed 05 April 2020).

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

"Ruth Bader Ginsburg." OYEZ. U.S. Supreme Court Multimedia.

"Ruth Bader Ginsburg." Supreme Court History Society.

"Ruth Bader Ginsburg." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 27 Mar 2006.

Rebecca Gratz

Ashton D. Rebecca Gratz: Woman and Judaism in Antebellum America. Detroit, Wayne State University Press, 1997.

Sarna JD. American Jewish History 1654-2004. Celebrate Jewish Life in America, 1654-2004.

Ruth Gruber

Gruber R. Ahead of Time: My Early Years as a Foreign Correspondent, New York, Wynwood Press, 1991.

Gruber R. Destination Palestine: The Story of the Haganah Ship Exodus 1947, New York, Current Books, 1948. Re-issued by Times Books, 1999.

Gruber R. Raquela: A Woman of Israel. New York, Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1978. Re-issued by Random House, 2000.

Gruber R. Haven: The unknown Story of 1,000 World War II Refugees, New York, Coward-McCann, 1983. Re-issued by Random House, 2000.

Musleah R. Profile: Ruth Gruber. Hadassah Magazine, February, 2001.

Emma Lazarus

Jewish Women’s Archive. Multimedia exhibit on Emma Lazarus.

Nechama Leibowitz

Unterman, Yael. Nehama Leibowitz: Teacher and Bible Scholar. Jerusalem, Urim Publications, 2009.

Harris, Judah. Studying Nechama Leibowitz.

Rita Levi-Montalcini

Carey, C. Dr. Rita Levi-Montalcini, Nobel Winner, Dies at 103. New York Times, December 30, 2012.

Chao, MV. A Conversation with Rita Levi-Montalcini. Ann. Rev. Physiol. 72:1-13, 2010.

Costandi, M. Obituary: Rita Levi-Montalcini. The Guardian, January, 2013.

Levi-Montalcini, R. The Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine 1986 (Autobiography).

Levi-Montalcini, R. In Praise of Imperfection: My Life and Work. New York, Basic Books, 1988.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1986: Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini. Photo Gallery.

Women in Medicine at Washington University School of Medicine: Rita Levi-Montalcini.

Golda Meir

Adler DA. Our Golda, The Story of Golda Meir. Viking, 1984.

The Golda Meir Center for Political Leadership:

Martin RG. Golda Meir: The Romantic Years. Bandwagon, Inc, 1988

McCauley K. Golda Meir. London, Chelsea House, 1985

Meir G: My Life. New York, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1975.

Meir M. My Mother Golda Meir: A Son's Evocation of Life With Golda Meir. Arbor House, 1983.

Pogrebin LC: Deborah, Golda and Me. New York, Doubleday, 1991.

Shenker, I, Shenker M (eds). As Good as Golda. The Warmth and Wisdom of Israel’s Prime Minister. New York, McCall Publishing, 1970.

Syrkin M. Golda Meir. Israel’s Leader. New York, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1969.

Ruth Messinger

Forward 50. Forward. November 10, 2006.

American Jewish World Service.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Biographical information for speakers.

Letty Cotten Pogrebin

Patz A. Ms. Pogrebin. Making Judaism and feminism click. The Reporter. Women’s American ORT, Spring, 1998.

Sheryl Sandberg

Biography in Context. “Sheryl Sandberg.” Gale Biography in Context (2012) (Online: Gale, a Cengage Company, 2018), < >, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Editors, “Sheryl Sandberg Biography.” Famous People (03 November 2017), <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Eisner, J. “Sheryl Sandberg Speaks Out On Judaism — And Grieving.” The Forward (14 May 2017) (Online: The Forward Association, Inc., 2018), <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Di Mento, M. “Facebook’s Sheryl Sandberg Donates Nearly $100 Million.” The Chronicle of Philanthropy (17 August 2017) (Online: The Chronicle of Philanthropy, 2018), <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Goldberg, E. “Sheryl Sandberg Joins The Giving Pledge, Likely To Focus On Women's Issues.” Huffington Post (6 December 2017) (Online: Oath Inc., HuffPost News, 2018), <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Helft, M. “Sheryl Sandberg: The Real Story.” Fortune (10 October 2013) (Online: Time, Inc, 2018), <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Jewish Women's Archive. "Sheryl Sandberg." Jewish Women’s Archive (2018),  <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Peck, E. “Sheryl Sandberg Warns of #MeToo Backlash Against Women.” Huffington Post (12 November 2017) (Online: Oath Inc., HuffPost News, 2018), <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

The Website. “Sheryl Sandberg Biography.” (Online: A&E Television Networks, 25 August 2017), <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Wikipedia Contributors. “Sheryl Sandberg.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia (21 March 2018). <>, accessed 22 March, 2018.

Selena Solomons

American Jerusalem. Jews and the Making of San Francisco. Selena Solomons.

Anderson, Adrienne Wigortz. 100 Years On: The Jewish Suffragists Who Helped Women Win the Right to Vote. Jewish Journal August 14, 2020. 100 Years On: The Jewish Suffragists Who Helped Women Win the Right to Vote (

Elinson, Elaine. Soup, Salad, Suffrage: How Women Won Their Right to Vote in California. SF Gate.

Gilbert, Shawn. Suffragettes You Need to Meet: Selena Solomons. League of Women’s Voters of Diablo Valley, 2020.
Suffragists You Need to Meet: Selina Solomons | MyLO ( 

Pavenick, Alexis L. Biographical Sketch of Selina Solomons. Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890-1920.

Gloria Steinem

Steinem G. Gloria Steinem:  Writer, Lecturer, Political Activist, and Feminist Organizer (Autobiography).

Hannah Szenes

Schur M. Hannah Szenes: A Song of Light. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society, 1998.

Senesh H. Hanna Senesh: Her Life and Diary. New York, Schocken Books, 1972.

Henrietta Szold

Krantz H. Daughter of My People. Northvale, NJ, Jason Aronson, 1998.

Sophie Tucker

Tucker S . Some of These Days: The Autobiography of Sophie Tucker. Garden City, NY, Doubleday, Doran and Company, 1945.

Wenger BS. The Jewish Americans Three Centuries of Jewish Voices in America. New York, Doubleday, 2007.

Ruth Westheimer

All About Dr. Ruth.

Musleah, R. Profile: Ruth Westheimer. Hadassah Magazine 96: 38-41, Dec 2014/Jan 2015.

Lillian D. Wald

Henry Street Settlement.

Edith Windsor

Applebom, Peter, “Reveling in Her Supreme Court Moment,” New York Times (10 December  2012) (Online: The New York Times Company, 2013), <>,accessed 27 March, 2014.

Gray, Eliza, “Edith Windsor, The Unlikely Activist,” Time Magazine (11 December  2012) (Online: Time, Inc, 2014), <>,accessed 27 March, 2014.

Hoffman, Allison, “Jewish Organizations Join DOMA Appeal,” Tablet Magazine (28 September 2012) (Online: Nextbook, Inc, 2014), <>,accessed 27 March, 2014.

JTA, “Edith Windsor Gets Jewish Hero's Welcome at Shul After Gay Marriage Win,” The Forward (2 July 2013) (Online: The Forward Association, Inc, 2014), <>, accessed 27 March 2014.

Totenberg, Nina, “Meet The 83-Year-Old Taking On The U.S. Over Same-Sex Marriage,” NPR (21 March  2013) (Online: NPR, 2014), <>,accessed 27 March, 2014.

Windsor, Edith. "Profile." Edie Windsor. n.p., 2013. Web. March 27, 2014, <>.

Wolf, Richard, “Gay marriage case: A long time coming for Edie Windsor,” USA Today (8 December 2012) (Online: USAToday, 2014), <>, accessed 27 March 2014.

Zeveloff, Naomi, “The Forward 50: Edith Windsor,” The Forward (3 December 2013) (Online: The Forward Association, Inc, 2014), <>, accessed 27 March 2014.

Zipkin, Romi, “A Pride Weekend Shabbat For the Ages,” Tablet Magazine (03 July 2013) (Online: Nextbook, Inc, 2014), <>,accessed 27 March, 2014.

Rosalyn S. Yalow

Kyle RA, Shampo MA. Rosalyn Yalow--pioneer in nuclear medicine. Mayo Clin. Proc. 77 (1): 4, 2002.

Odelberg W (ed). Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Prizes 1977. Stockholm, Nobel Foundation, 1978.

Straus E. Rosalyn Yalow, Nobel Laureate: Her Life and Her Work in Medicine: A Biographical Memoir. New York, Plenum Trade, 1998.

Yalow RS. The Nobel lectures in immunology. The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1977 awarded to Rosalyn S. Yalow. Scand. J. Immunol. 35 (1): 1–23, 1992.

Yalow RS. The Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine 1977 (Autobiography).